(= neutrophil granulocyte; polymorphonuclear leucocyte; PMN or PMNL)
Commonest (2500-7500/mm3 ) blood leucocyte; a short-lived phagocytic cell of the myeloid series, which is responsible for the primary cellular response to an acute inflammatory episode, and for general tissue homeostasis by removal of damaged material. Adheres to endothelium (margination) and then migrates into tissue, possibly responding to chemotactic signals. Contain specific and azurophil granules.

Dictionary of molecular biology. 2004.

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  • Neutrophil — Neu tro*phil, Neutrophile Neu tro*phile, n. [L. neuter + Gr. ? loving.] (Physiol.) One of a group of leukocytes whose granules stain only with neutral dyes; it is the chief phagocytic leukocyte in the circulating blood, comprising from 54% to 65% …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • neutrophil — neutrophil,   Eigenschaft bestimmter Zellen oder Gewebeteile, sich mit neutralen oder alkalischen und sauren Farbstoffen gleichermaßen anfärben zu lassen, z. B. (neutrophile) Granulozyten. * * * neu|tro|phil <Adj.> [zu griech. phileĩn =… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • neutrophil — [no͞o′trōfīl΄, nyo͞o′ trōfīl, no͞o′trəfīl΄, nyo͞o trəfīl΄no͞o′trō fil, nyo͞o′trō fil; no͞o′trəfil, nyo͞o′trəfil] n. [< NEUTRAL + PHIL] a granular type of phagocytic white blood cell in vertebrate blood, stainable by neutral dyes adj. easily… …   English World dictionary

  • Neutrophil — A type of white blood cell, specifically a form of granulocyte, filled with neutrally staining granules, tiny sacs of enzymes that help the cell to kill and digest microorganisms it has engulfed by phagocytosis. The mature neutrophil has a… …   Medical dictionary

  • neutrophil — I. adjective or neutrophilic Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary neutro (from Latin neutr , neuter neither) + phil Date: circa 1890 staining to the same degree with acid or basic dyes < neutrophil granulocytes > II. noun Date: 1897 a… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • neutrophil — /nooh treuh fil, nyooh /, adj. 1. (of a cell or cell part) having an affinity for neutral dyes. n. 2. a phagocytic white blood cell having a lobulate nucleus and neutrophil granules in the cytoplasm. Also, neutrophile /nooh treuh fuyl , nyooh /.… …   Universalium

  • neutrophil — 1. adjective Being more easily or more fully stained by neutral dyes than by acidic or alkaline (basic) ones. 2. noun Such a cell, especially a white b …   Wiktionary

  • neutrophil — neu•tro•phil [[t]ˈnu trə fɪl, ˈnyu [/t]] also neu•tro•phile [[t] ˌfaɪl[/t]] adj. 1) cbl (of a cell) easily stained with neutral dyes 2) imu a phagocytic white blood cell that contains neutrophil granules • Etymology: 1885–90 …   From formal English to slang

  • neutrophil — /ˈnjutrəfɪl/ (say nyoohtruhfil) adjective 1. (of a cell or cell part) having an affinity for neutral dyes. –noun 2. Anatomy a phagocytic leukocyte having a nucleus and neutrophil granules in the cytoplasm. {neutr(al) + o + phil} …  

  • Neutrophil granulocyte — Neutrophil redirects here. For organisms that grow in neutral pH environments, see neutrophile. Neutrophil granulocyte A neutrophil, stained with Wright s stain.  This cell is approximately 12 µm in diameter …   Wikipedia

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